Villages play an important role in national development. Not only because most of the Indonesian people live in villages, but villages make a big contribution in creating national stability. Village development is part of a series of national development. National development is a series of sustainable development efforts that cover all aspects of people's lives. The government is aware of the importance of development at the village level. Various forms and programs to encourage the acceleration of rural area development have been carried out by the government, but the results are still not significant in improving the quality of life and welfare of the community. Therefore, village development must be carried out in a well-planned manner and must touch the real needs of the village community. So that development carried out in rural areas can be grounded with the community and not dreamy. This means that village development must be well planned based on the results of a thorough analysis or study of all the potentials (strengths and opportunities) and problems (weaknesses and obstacles/threats) faced by the village. The results of the analysis of the potentials and problems that exist and may arise in the future are the basis for future village development planning and programs by involving the widest possible participation of the community. To realize planned village development, the village government and all elements of society must be involved in the development planning process. Forms of development planning, such as the village Medium Term Development Plan (RPJM) and the Annual Work Plan (RKT), are some examples of such development planning.
and the Village Development Work Plan (RKP Desa). The Village Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMDes) is a planning document for a period of 5 (five) years that contains the direction of village development policies, the direction of village financial policies, general policies and programs, taking into account the RPJMD, the Regional Apparatus Work Unit (SKPD) program, across SKPD , and regional priority programs, accompanied by a work plan. Furthermore, the Minister of Home Affairs Regulation Number 66 of 2007 concerning Village Development Planning, article 2 (paragraph 3) states that the RPJMDes contains the direction of village financial policies, village development strategies, and village work programs. RPJMDes as a village development plan must involve all components of the village community in its preparation, implementation and supervision. Village development plans should apply the following principles: a. Empowerment, namely efforts to realize the ability and independence of the community in the life of society, nation and state; b. Participatory, namely the active participation and involvement of the community in the development process; c. Taking sides with the community, namely the entire development process in rural areas seriously provides the widest possible opportunities for the community, especially the poor; d. Open, that is, every stage of the development planning process can be seen and known directly by the entire village community; e. Accountable, ie every process and stages of development activities can be properly accounted for, both to the government in the village and to the community; f. Selective, ie all potentials and problems are well selected to achieve optimal results; g. Efficiency and effectiveness, namely the implementation of activity planning in accordance with the potential of natural resources and available human resources; h. Sustainability, namely every process and stage of planning activities must run in a sustainable manner; i. Accurate, namely the data obtained is quite objective, thorough, reliable, and accommodates the aspirations of the community;
j. Iterative process, namely the assessment of a problem/thing is done repeatedly so as to get the best results; k. Information mining, namely in finding problems, information mining is carried out through a village condition study tool with the main source of information from planning deliberation participants or the main source of information from the community. The Village Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMDes) is a village government planning document for a period of 5 (five) years. RPJMDes is also an elaboration of the vision, mission and programs of the Village Head whose preparation is guided by the Village RPJP (Long-Term Development Plan) and takes into account the District Strategic Plan (renstra) and the Regional Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMD). RPJMDes contains the vision, mission, goals, objectives, policies and programs. One way that can be used to prepare the RPJMDes is to use the Community Learning and Action Participatory Process (CLAPP) approach. This approach requires community-based development planning. The community will lead the planning, produce the program, implement and supervise the development program in the village. In a community-led approach, planning is a process of assessing by communities about various aspects of their lives including their potential and assets. Then from these aspects and circumstances, the community prepares a development agenda that is compiled in the form of the Village RPJM and Village RKP by taking into account the assets and values as well as the main potential of the community. The agenda includes what the community does in mutual cooperation and self-help and does not have to wait for outside support. The aspects of people's lives that they study or value, depend on the community's needs and are agreed upon through a preparatory process. So the community-led planning approach must produce a village Medium-Term (5-year) Development Plan (RPJM Desa), Village Development Activity Plan (RKP) and activities that encourage self-reliance to the growth of social movements. On the other hand, the community will actually become more empowered and confident to maintain and oversee their development for the goals that have been set by the community. Meanwhile, in the process, the community, especially the poor and marginalized, women and young people must be facilitated to take an active role, vote and participate in making decisions on the village development agenda. Community deliberation with CLAPP is a process that can produce RPJMDesa and RKP Desa in a participatory, transparent, accountable and inclusive manner for the poor and women. The Village RPJMD produced is carried out through the 5-year Musrenbangdes, while the RKPDesa generated from the elaboration of the Village RPJMD follows the annual Musrenbang process. In the deliberation activities for the preparation of the RPJMDes, according to the CLAPP approach, several important stages are as follows: 1. Social preparation and study design. community level and logistical preparation needed during the RPJMDes development process. 2. Identification of the general condition of the village. The community examines the general picture of the village as a whole, including information on the level of community welfare; natural conditions and the availability & condition of resources as well as access and control of the poor and women on these resources; public facilities & infrastructure; distribution of society based on the level of welfare; the passage of time and the historical success of people's lives; the main potentials of the community including efforts and experiences; the success of the life of the poor so far to the initial visioning. The study tools needed at this stage include welfare ratings, censuses and weightings; deliberation (Village Deliberation); social and resource mapping and history (successful lives and causes, and some notable failures). 3. Asset Analysis The stage of writing down assets in the form of resources that can be used by a person or family as livelihood assets. The assets are in the form of natural resources; Social (networks of kinship and cultural relations as well as membership in groups, social networks with neighbors, beliefs, membership of various formal and informal organizations, etc.); Politics (access to power holders which is a sub-capital of social capital); Finance (savings, loans, sources of credit, subsidies, pension funds, etc.); Physical (basic infrastructure and infrastructure – transportation, electricity, housing, clean water for household use, access to goods etc., production equipment and facilities, etc.); Human Capital (population, availability of manpower, education and expertise, knowledge, health conditions of residents, etc.) 4. Reflection, In-depth and Plenary Studies This is an in-depth study stage based on issues encountered in the analysis of assets/livelihoods that have been studied Previously, and after that, a village plenary session was held to discuss a complete and in-depth picture of various aspects of people's lives (especially those who are marginalized), namely women, the poor and the marginalized and their environment. This activity is also to complement the results of the analysis of findings, especially those concerning the potentials and successes of life so far. 5. Village Development Plan Deliberation (Musrenbangdes) This is the stage of planning deliberation to formulate development agendas and community self-help movements. The development agenda and movement that will be prepared must ensure that it prioritizes the strengths and assets/potential of the community. At this stage, development plan programs are designed to realize the village's vision and mission. At this stage, strategic issues, strategic objectives, indicators of strategic objectives and the establishment of an implementing commission are also formulated. 6. Post Musrenbangdes After the Musrenbang implementation, several activities need to be carried out related to the recapitulation of the results of the Musrenbangdes, particularly related to finalizing and sorting the Village RKP based on funding sources and the forms of self-help movements that will be built by the community. Another activity after the Musrenbangdes is a special briefing for village delegates who will participate in the District Musrenbang. Because it often happens that female delegates feel incompetent and inferior, so their confidence must be built before participating in the District Musrenbang. Then design in detail and operationalize self-help activities to immediately become social actions and start building interactions between residents. So the commission and the implementing team still have to work to compile, rearrange and improve the Village RKP based on the inputs in the Musrenbangdes.